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EYFS

There are 4 OVERARCHING PRINCIPLES of education in the Early Years Foundation Stage (Nursery and Reception):
 

  • every child is a unique child, who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured;
  • children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships;
  • children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences respond to their individual needs and there is a strong partnership between practitioners and parents/carers;
  • children’s learning and development takes place in different ways and at different rates.

 

a unique child

positive relationships

enabling environments

learning and development

 
There are 3 CHARACTERISTICS OF EFFECTIVE LEARNING and development which are taken into account when planning and guiding children’s activities:
Engagement:

playing with what they know, finding out and exploring, being willing to ‘have a go’;
 

Motivation:

being involved and concentrating, keeping trying, enjoying achieving what they set out to do;
 

Thinking:

having their own ideas, making links, choosing ways to do things.
 

There are 7 AREAS OF LEARNING and development:
There are 7 areas of learning and development (3 prime, 4 specific) comprised of 17 aspects, each with an early learning goal (ELG) which should be achieved by the end of the Early Years Foundation Stage (end of Reception Class)

 
  7 AREAS OF LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT 17 ASPECTS / EARLY LEARNING GOALS
3
PRIME
communication and language
development (CLD)
ELG 01 listening and attention
ELG 02 understanding
ELG 03 speaking
physical development (PD) ELG 04 moving and handling
ELG 05 health and self-care
personal, social and emotional
development (PSE)
ELG 06 making relationships
ELG 07 self-confidence and self-awareness
ELG 08 managing feelings and behaviour
4 SPECIFIC literacy ELG 09 reading
ELG 10 writing
mathematics ELG 11 numbers
ELG 12 shape, space and measures
understanding the world ELG 13 people and communities
ELG 14 the world
ELG 15 technology
expressive arts and design ELG 16 exploring and using media and materials
ELG 17 being imaginative
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