English has an important place in education and in society. A high-quality education in English will teach pupils to speak and write fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. Through reading in particular, pupils have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Literature, especially, plays a key role in such development. Reading also enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know as well as information and support when they need it. All the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society; pupils, therefore, who do not learn to speak, read and write fluently and confidently are effectively disenfranchised.
The programmes of study for reading at key stages 1 and 2 consist of two dimensions:
comprehension (both listening and reading)
It is essential that teaching focuses on developing pupils’ competence in both dimensions; different kinds of teaching will be applied for each.
Skilled word reading involves both the speedy working out of the pronunciation of unfamiliar printed words (decoding) and the speedy recognition of familiar printed words. Underpinning both is the understanding that the letters on the page represent the sounds in spoken words. This is why phonics is strongly emphasised in the early teaching of reading to beginners when they start school.
Good comprehension draws from linguistic knowledge (in particular of vocabulary and grammar) and on knowledge of the world. Comprehension skills develop through pupils’ experience of high-quality discussion with the teacher, as well as from reading and discussing a range of stories, poems and non-fiction. All pupils will be encouraged to read widely across both fiction and non-fiction to develop their knowledge of themselves and the world in which they live, to establish an appreciation and love of reading, and to gain knowledge across the curriculum. Reading widely and often increases pupils’ vocabulary because they encounter words they would rarely hear or use in everyday speech. Reading also feeds pupils’ imagination and opens up a treasure-house of wonder and joy for curious young minds.
It is essential that, by the end of their primary education, all pupils are able to read fluently, and with confidence, in any subject in their forthcoming secondary education.
Reading resources in use at St Augustine’s
Every class in KS1 and KS2 has a daily Guided Reading session. Each session is meticulously planned and resourced in order to ensure each child's reading needs and goals are met.
Over the course of the week, each child will have read with an adult at least twice, focused on a word level (Phonics and SPaG) task, and used Bloom's Taxonomy to aid them in a differentiated comprehension and an open-ended activity which covers a range of elements from the Content Domains.
In addition to this, children are encouraged to develop an avid interest in all types of books by borrowing books from the class and school libraries. Regular class visits to the local library also promote a passion for reading.
Below are two great videos to introduce Bloom's Taxonomy - take a look.